β-tricalcium phosphate as bone substitute material: properties and clinical applications

  • Robert A. Horowitz | info@ariesdue.it Clinical Assistant Professor, Ashman Departments of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry, Oral Surgery, Biomimetics and Biomaterials, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, New York; Private Practice in Periodontics and Implant Dentistry, Scarsdale, New York, United States.
  • Ziv Mazor Private Practice in Periodontics and Implant Dentistry, Ra’ananah, Israel.
  • Christian Foitzik Senior Researcher, Department of Hard Tissue Research, Hard Tissue Research Laboratory, University of Minnesota, School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States.
  • Hari Prasad Senior Researcher, Department of Hard Tissue Research, Hard Tissue Research Laboratory, University of Minnesota, School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States.
  • Michael Rohrer Professor and Director, Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Director, Hard Tissue Research Laboratory, University of Minnesota, School of Dentistry, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States.
  • Ady Palti Clinical Assistant Professor, Ashman Departments of Periodontology and Implant Dentistry, Oral Surgery, Biomimetics and Biomaterials, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, New York; Private Practice in Periodontics and Implant Dentistry, Scarsdale, New York, United States.

Abstract

Aim As the scope of implant dentistry widens, hard tissue augmentation is becoming more common. The previous “gold standard” for bone augmentation, autogenous bone, is limited in availability and restricted in harvesting due to increased peri- and postoperative complications. This paper gives guidance to the surgeon about various classes of bone replacement graft substitutes relative to their origin, ability to resorb and their replacement with vital, osseointegratable bone. A synthetic graft, pure phase β-tricalcium phosphate, has been documented in human and animal studies to be resorbed and replaced by vital bone in a 6 to 12-month time period. Conclusion The cases and literature shown in this paper demonstrate the predictability and effectiveness of this type of graft material in dental implant-related surgical applications.

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Published
2010-06-30
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Articles
Keywords:
Bone regeneration, Bone resorption, Bone substitute material, Dental implants, Extraction, Restitutio ad integrum, Synthetic bone graft, tricalcium phosphate.
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How to Cite
Horowitz, R. A., Mazor, Z., Foitzik, C., Prasad, H., Rohrer, M., & Palti, A. (2010). β-tricalcium phosphate as bone substitute material: properties and clinical applications. Journal of Osseointegration, 2(2), 61-68. https://doi.org/10.23805/jo.2010.02.02.04