A study to assess the bone formed around immediate postextraction implants grafted with Concentrated Growth Factor in the mandibular posterior region
Aim Extraction of the teeth and a healing period of 4-6 months followed by implant placement is a common procedure for the treatment of teeth with bad prognosis. This study was done to assess radiographically the quantity and quality of bone formed in the region of mandibular first molar after extraction of the tooth and immediate implant placement with Concentrated Growth Factor (CGF) grafting. Materials and methods A total of 10 subjects were selected for this prospective study. Extraction of mandibular first molars was carried out and implants were immediately placed with CGF grafting. A Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) was taken immediately after implant placement and after six months of undisturbed healing, radiographic evaluation was carried out using CBCT to assess the quantity and quality of new bone formed around implants. The collected data were statistically analyzed. Results CBCT results showed a mean bone gain of 2.3 mm in buccal, 1.52 mm in lingual, 2.97 mm in mesial and 4.26 mm in distal aspect respectively. No statistically significant change was noticed in bone density comparing the first two and last two threads of implants inserted with concomitant placement of CGF into the extraction socket. Conclusion This study indicates the possibility to perform immediate implant placement in fresh extraction sockets with the use of CGF as an alternative to conventional grafting. Further research needs to be carried out on the subject to validate the results obtained in this study.
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